В чем разница между штоком задвижки и штоком шарового клапана??

Introduction

Valves are essential components in various industries, используется для управления потоком жидкостей и газов. Two commonly used types of valves are gate valves and globe valves. While they may appear similar, there are distinct differences between the two, including their stem designs. В этой статье, we will explore the difference between a gate valve stem and a globe valve stem.

Gate Valve Stem

A gate valve is a type of valve that uses a sliding gate or wedge to control the flow of fluid. The stem of a gate valve is a vertical component that connects the handwheel or actuator to the gate. It is responsible for raising and lowering the gate to open or close the valve.

The gate valve stem is typically threaded and operates in a linear motion. When the handwheel or actuator is turned, the stem moves up or down, allowing the gate to either block or permit the flow of fluid. The stem is usually housed in a bonnet, which provides protection and seals the valve.

Globe Valve Stem

A globe valve is another type of valve commonly used in various applications. It features a movable disk or plug that controls the flow of fluid. The stem of a globe valve is also a vertical component that connects the handwheel or actuator to the disk or plug.

The globe valve stem differs from the gate valve stem in terms of its design and operation. Unlike the gate valve stem, the globe valve stem is usually not threaded. Вместо, it is typically designed with a stem nut that engages with the disk or plug. When the handwheel or actuator is turned, the stem nut rotates, causing the disk or plug to move up or down to regulate the flow of fluid.

Differences

The main difference between a gate valve stem and a globe valve stem lies in their design and operation. The gate valve stem moves in a linear motion, while the globe valve stem operates through rotational motion. The gate valve stem is threaded, allowing it to move up and down to open or close the gate. С другой стороны, the globe valve stem uses a stem nut to rotate the disk or plug.

Кроме того, the gate valve stem is typically housed in a bonnet, providing protection and sealing the valve. In contrast, the globe valve stem does not require a bonnet, as the stem nut and disk or plug are often exposed.

Applications

Gate valves are commonly used in applications where a full flow rate is required, such as in pipelines or large-scale industrial systems. They are known for their excellent shutoff capabilities and low pressure drop.

Шаровые клапаны, с другой стороны, are often used in applications that require throttling or regulating the flow of fluid. They are suitable for controlling the flow rate and are commonly found in industries such as oil and gas, очистка воды, и системы отопления, вентиляции и кондиционирования.

Conclusion

В итоге, the difference between a gate valve stem and a globe valve stem lies in their design and operation. The gate valve stem moves in a linear motion and is threaded, while the globe valve stem operates through rotational motion with a stem nut. Understanding these differences can help in selecting the appropriate valve for specific applications and ensure efficient flow control.